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I - J - K

illustrate by (or with usually). The newspaper article was illustrated by pen and ink drawings.

illustrate by (an agent). The children's book was illustrated by a famous cartoonist.

immunity from. John believed a special permit would give him immunity from prosecution.

impermeable to. This nylon polyester material is impermeable to water.

import from. Acme International imports silver ingots from Mexico.

impose on. The legislature has just imposed another sales tax on all good imported from Russia. Don't impose on your colleagues by borrowing money from them.

impress by. The music critic was impressed by the clarinetist's virtuoso performance.

impression of. Mrs. Gore gave the impression of being very relaxed and unhurried.

impression on (or upon). The candidate made an excellent impression on the interviewer.

incapable of. The child was incapable of doing the basic essential exercises.

independent of. Make your own decisions and try to be independent of the student body.

inferior to. This car is quite clearly inferior to the other one.

inquire of... about. Let's inquire of the hotel clerk about the scheduled guided tours . Have you inquired about rental rates for a room on the top floor?

insist on (or upon). The mother insisted on going with her father. The teacher insisted upon our being obedient and calm during the class assembly.

instance, for. A number of languages end with the suffix 'ese' - for instance, Chinese.

instead of. Instead of studying, Marcy went for a walk.

intent on (or upon). Emanuel is intent on getting the promotion.

interest in. I am interested in learning English. She is interested in tropical desserts. Don't lose your interest in improving your health. James wanted to interest me in his new hobby.

interest of, in the. Everything Mayor Bourque does is in the interest of the citizens.

interfere with. Should we interfere with their activities and call the meeting now?

introduce to. The princess introduced her fiancée to the guest of honor.

jealous of. Are you envious of your friend's success?

judge between. "make a choice between." You must judge between the two plans.

judge by (or from). You should not judge a book by its cover. Judging from what I know of the two men, I would guess that Bill is probably wrong.

judge [for]. I can judge for myself whether the candidate is suitable for the position.

keep off, "stay away from (a piece of ground)." Don't walk on a sign that says, "Keep off the grass."

keep on. a. "Continue wearing" (S). The girl kept her coat on because she was cold. b. "Continue" (a course; used with the words like way, journey, and verbs with -ing). I called Bob, but he kept on his way. Barbara kept on talking even after I asked her to stop.

keep up. a. "Maintain" (S). It takes dedication to keep a house up properly. Keep up the good work. b. "Maintain the same speed or level." Please don't walk so fast: I can't keep up with you. If you keep up in your work, you won't have any trouble succeeding.

kind of. a. "Considerate of." It was very kind of them to help the handicapped person across the road. b. "Rather" (colloquial). It was kind of disturbing to see him again. That's kind of obvious. c. "Type of." What kind of impression did you get of him?

kind to. That woman is kind to everyone.